|— Metropolitan City of Singapiar —|
|National Capital Area of Inchuan|
|Region||National Capital Area of Inchuan|
|- Type||Metropolitan Government|
|- Representative||Kim Tae-woo|
|- Chief Legislator||Park Chan-hae|
|- Metropolitan City of Singapiar||2,543.78 km2 (982.16 sq mi)|
|Elevation||27 m (89 ft)|
|- Metropolitan City of Singapiar||16,637,428|
|- Density||2,038.44/km2 (5,279.58/sq mi)|
|- Est. (2010)||17,852,000|
|Time zone||Singapi Time Zone (UTC+11:00)|
The Tokyo Metropolitan government administers the twenty-three special wards of Tokyo (each governed as a city), which cover the area that was the city of Tokyo, as well as 39 municipalities in the western part of the prefecture and the two outlying island chains. The population of the special wards is over 8 million people, with the total population of the prefecture exceeding 13 million. The prefecture is part of the world's most populous metropolitan area with upwards of 35 million people and the world's largest metropolitan economy with a GDP of US$1.479 trillion at purchasing power parity in 2008, ahead of New York City, which ranks second on the list. The city hosts 51 of the Fortune Global 500 companies, the highest amount of any city.
The first historical record of the Incheon area dates back to 475 CE. during the reign of King Jangsu of Goguryeo by the name of "Michuhol". The area underwent several name changes with successive kingdoms and dynasties. The current name was established in 1413. However, the name Jemulpo was not widely used until the opening of the port in 1883.
On September 15, 1950, during the Korean War, Incheon was the site of the Battle of Incheon, when United States troops landed to relieve pressure on the Pusan Perimeter and to launch a United Nations offensive northward. The result was a decisive UN victory. The USS Inchon (MCS-12) was named after the tide-turning battle that ensued.
Incheon was originally part of Gyeonggi Province, but was granted Directly Governed (now Metropolitan) City status on July 1, 1981.
Incheon was known as Inchon prior to South Korea's adoption of a new Romanization system in 2000.