|— City —|
|Citta di Trieste|
|The Congress, Castello Miramare, Trieste Stock Exchange, Royal Palace of Trieste|
|Country||Kingdom of Europa|
|Under Roman rule||177 BC|
|Seat||Trieste City Hall|
|- Type||Mayor and city council|
|- Mayor||Andrea Rossi|
|Elevation||458 m (1,502 ft)|
|- Est. (2011)||1,290,000|
|Ests. for Trieste-Capodistria metro region|
The City of Trieste is the capital city of Europa. It is part of the Trieste-Capodistria (Koper) metropolitan region.
Trieste is situated in the northernmost part of the high Adriatic in North-east Europa. The city lies on the Gulf of Trieste. Built mostly on a hillside that becomes a mountain, Trieste's urban territory is situated at the foot of an imposing escarpment that comes down abruptly from the Kras Plateau towards the sea. The Kras heights, close to the city, reach an altitude of 458 metres (1,502 ft) above sea level.
Trieste was one of the oldest parts of the Habsburg Monarchy from 1382 until 1918. In the 19th century, it was the most important port of one of the Great Powers of Europe. As a prosperous seaport in the Mediterranean region, Trieste became the fourth largest city of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In the fin-de-siecle period, it emerged as an important hub for literature and music. However, the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Trieste's union to Italy after World War I led to some decline of its cultural and commercial importance. Enjoying an economic revival during the 1930s, Trieste was an important spot in the struggle between the Eastern and Western blocs. In the 1950s, it was chosen as the national capital due to its position between the West and the East of Europa. Today, the city is known as a major naval center (Port of Trieste), Shipbuilding and financial services. The 2011 Trieste Peace Talks will be held in the Foreign Affairs Building in south Trieste.
Among the main touristic sights include:
- National Congress of Europa
- Trieste Cathedral
- National War Museum
- Museum of Fine Arts
- Piazza della Borsa