| This article is under construction and/or revamp and will be completed at a later date. If this article has not been edited in several days, please remove this template.
|‹ 2011· ·2013 ›|
2012 Euskadiko Arrekontu Nazional cover
|Submitted||2011, october 18th|
|Submitted to||Eusko Legebiltzarra|
|Treasurer||Xabier Markina Urkullu|
|Total revenue||$ 327.144 billions|
|Total expenditures||$ 325.787 billions|
|Debt payment||$ 1.957 billions|
|Surplus||$ 1.357 billions|
|Debt||1,241 billions (164% of the GDP)|
The budget is framed in the current european financial crisis scenary, and is oriented to the restoration of public finances. The package of measures to restore public finances consists of:
- public spending cuts;
- reversal of personal contributions for health care;
- increased tax and social insurance contributions;
- investments to make society safer, strengthen the economy and improve the quality of life.
Budgetary policy 2010-2015
Need for measures
The global financial and economic crisis that commenced in 2008 has hit Euskadi and public finances have deteriorated badly. To overcome the crisis and cushion the worst blows, the economy is being stimulated to keep people in work and investments are being made in business. Public spending has accordingly increased but tax revenue has fallen sharply.
The crisis has led to a serious budget deficit and a sharp jump in the national debt. The gap in public finances will not go away by itself. The public debt will continue to rise as long as there is a budget deficit, as will the interest the government has to pay on the debt every year. Public finances in Euskadi will be untenable without drastic measures. Furthermore, without robust public finances Euskadi will lose the confidence of the financial markets.
Urgent measures are also necessary in view of the ageing population. People are living and drawing their pensions for longer and making more use of care services. Care costs are also rising every year, as are the care contributions. For these social services to remain affordable and accessible, public spending must be cut and the budget deficit must be eliminated in the years ahead to prevent the debt from rising further.
The budget deficit must therefore be addressed and public spending must be cut. To restore public finances, the government has proposed a package of cuts totalling $ 24.58 billion.
- $ 9.7 billion in the government sector.
- The biggest cuts will be achieved by making government smaller and more efficient. There will be fewer civil servants and tiers of government, with fewer tasks and rules.
- $ 1.9 billion in government grants.
- Fewer grants will be available for culture, minorities, political parties and trade unions for instance.
- $ 2.5 billion in international expenditure.
- The government wants to contribute less to the UN and the international aid will be cut. Defence and development cooperation spending will also be limited. The number of embassies and consulates abroad will be cut.
- $ 4.3 billion in healthcare costs.
- Certain treatments will be removed from the standard healthcare package and transferred to supplementary care insurance schemes.
- $ 0.9 billion in government contributions
- The contribution to childcare costs will be limited. The costs have risen by $ 2 billion in four years. Students who take longer to complete their courses will also pay higher fees.
- $ 5.28 billion in labour market and benefit costs.
- The state pension age will be raised to 67 on 1 January 2016. The government will also punish benefit fraud more severely.
The Eusko Jaurlaritza will not only reduce spending and increase taxes. Between now and 2015 it will also invest $ 9.01 billion in, for example:
- care ($ 1.37 billion);
- security (1.12 billion);
- immigration and integration ($ 0.12 million);
- infrastructure ($ 2.64 billion);
- education ($ 1.33 billion);
- innovation ($ 2.43 billion).
Central government revenue consists of:
- taxes (main source of revenue);
- social security and insurance contributions;
- oil & natural gas revenue;
- income/profits from state holdings in private enterprises;
- national lotery;
|Item||Revenue ($ billions)|
|Tax Income||$ 211.778|
|Total direct taxes||$ 90.375|
|Individual income tax||$ 47.780|
|Corporate income tax||$ 34.115|
|Dividend tax||$ 4.190|
|Inheritance and gift tax||$ 2.950|
|Other direct taxes||$ 1.340|
|Total indirect taxes||$ 121.403|
|Excise duties||$ 19.210|
|Environmental taxes and levies||$ 5.470|
|Taxes on legal transactions||$ 4.940|
|Motor vehicle tax||$ 4.410|
|Import duties||$ 3.750|
|Oil powered vehicles tax||$ 3.080|
|Tax on packaging materials||$ 2.260|
|Tax on consumption of alcoholic drinks and tobacco||$ 1.300|
|Other indirect taxes||$ 0.493|
|Social Security Contributions||$ 43.700|
|Employees' Insurance Contribution||$ 51.200|
|Oil & Gas Revenues||$ 13.900|
|Profits from state holdings||$ 1.789|
|National Lottery Benefits||$ 2.228|
|Other Extraordinary Incomes||$ 1.675|
|Sell of state assets||$ 0.910|
|Sell of state shares in private companies||$ 0.765|
|TOTAL BUDGET REVENUES||$ 327.144|
|Item||Expenditure ($ billions)|
|Social Security||$ 41.880|
|Labour Market||$ 23.120|
|Care (Public Health)||$ 67.670|
|Interest Charges (Debt)||$ 9.800|
|Debt Repayment||$ 5.140|
|Ministries Expenditure||$ 178.177|
|Education culture and science||$ 46.410|
|Municipal and regional fund||$ 27.470|
|Transport, Public Works and Watermanagement||$ 17.350|
|Foreign affairs / development cooperation||$ 12.970|
|Youth and families||$ 6.880|
|Internal affairs and relations||$ 6.130|
|Housing, communities and integration||$ 3.100|
|Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality||$ 2.790|
|Economic affairs||$ 2.240|
|Spatial planning and the enviroment||$ 1.520|
|TOTAL BUDGET EXPENDITURES||$ 325.787|