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2016 Macedonian military coup d'état
Macedonian soldiers.JPG
Soldiers of the 1st Brigade in Skopje
Date 28 April 2016
Location Skopje, Macedonia
Result Military coup successful
  • President Ivanov, Prime Minister Dimitriev, and 32 other politicians placed under house arrest
  • Martial law declared
  • Formation of a military junta
Belligerents
Flag of Macedonia.svg National Salvation Military Council Flag of Macedonia.svg Government of Macedonia
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Macedonia.svg Vladimir Petrovski
Flag of Macedonia.svg Dimitar Mitkov
Flag of Macedonia.svg Tomislav Ivanovski
Flag of Macedonia.svg Gjorge Ivanov
Flag of Macedonia.svg Emil Dimitriev
Flag of Macedonia.svg Nikola Gruevski
Units involved
1st Mechanized Infantry Brigade
"Wolves" Special Operations Battalion
1st Mechanized Infantry Brigade (some elements)
Interior Ministry
  • Macedonian Police
Strength
3,400 soldiers 2,000+ soldiers and police
Casualties and losses
4 killed, 16 wounded 6 killed, 18 wounded

A military coup occurred in the Republic of Macedonia on 28 April 2016, a culmination of the mass anti-government protests that had begun earlier that month, resulting in the overthrow of President Gjorge Ivanov and his government. The coup was executed by a group of hardline military officers in the Army of the Republic of Macedonia, led by Lieutenant General Vladimir Petrovski. The militarist faction took advantage of the government's weak position to seize power and declare martial law in the country.

The group of officers was supported by most of the 1st Mechanized Infantry Brigade the "Wolves" special forces unit. Although the government was defended by elements of the Army and by police units, Skopje, the capital, was fully secured by the mutinous forces within three hours. Petrovski declared himself the new President of Macedonia, while Ivanov, the interim Prime Minister Emil Dimitriev, and a number of other politicians were placed under house arrest. The opposition leader and organizer of the protests, Zoran Zaev, was also arrested, since he was considered a possible rival by Petrovski.

Background

Unrest in the small Balkan country began in 2014, after opposition leader Zoran Zaev (head of the party Social Democratic Union of Macedonia) claimed that the parliamentary elections which occurred that year had been rigged. Mass protests began in Skopje in May 2015, when Zaev released documents alleging that the government's state security service wiretapped the phones of twenty thousand people, including journalists and politicians. The government of Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski denied the allegations, but thousands continued to protest. The European Union and the United States brokered an agreement between the opposition and the government, which included holding early elections and Gruevski stepping down from office in January 2016 (which he did, replaced by interim PM Emil Dimitriev). Another one of the conditions was the formation of a special prosecutor's office that would look into the alleged violations of the law by the Gruevski government.

However, on 12 April 2016, President Gjorge Ivanov announced that he was pardoning Gruevski and over fifty other politicians that were being investigated by the special prosecutors. Demonstrations began in Skopje the next day, supported by Zaev, with the president's office being vandalized by rioters. Each day until late April, protestors would meet in front of the special prosecutor's office and then march through the capital, occasionally vandalizing some government building. Ivanov declared that he would not change his mind, despite EU and US pressure to do so. At this time, a faction within the Army of the Republic of Macedonia, a group of anti-Western officers led by Lieutenant General Vladimir Petrovski, decided to take advantage of the situation and seize power from the government.

The coup

Initial uprising

On Saturday, 30 April 2016,

Final skirmishes

Aftermath

Reactions

Domestic

International

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