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Federal Republic of the China
Zhōnghuá mínzú liánbāng Gònghéguó
National Flag National Emblem
National Flag Emblem
Anthem: 中国人
Location of China
Capital city Beijing
Largest city Shanghai
Official language Standard Mandarin
Major regional languages Mandarin, Wu, Cantonese, Min & Hakka.
See Languages of China
Official Written Languages Simplified Chinese &
Traditional Chinese (in Taiwan, Hong Kong & Macau)
Ethinic groups 91.6% Han
1.30% Zhuang
0.86% Manchu
0.79% Uyghur
0.79% Hui
0.72% Miao
0.65% Yi
0.62% Tujia
0.47% Tibetan
0.26% Buyei
0.15% Korean
1.05% other
Demonym Chinese

 - President
 - Vice President
 - Chancellor of Legislative Senate
 - Presiding Supreme Judge
Federal Democratic and Constitutional Republic


Executive Presidential Cabinet
Legislature Legislative Senate
Judiciary Supreme Judicial Court
 - Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors
 - Republic of China
 - People's Republic of China
 -Federal Republic of the Chinese Nations
2852 BC

1 January 1912
1 October 1949

1 January 2055
 - Total

 - Water (%)

9,707,209 km²
3,718,401 sq mi
 - 2009 census
 - 2055 estimate
 - Density
139.6/km² (363.3/sq mi)
 - Total
 - Per capita
2008 estimate
$7.916 trillion
GDP (nominal)
 - Total
 - Per capita
2007 estimate
$4.401 trillion
Gini (2007) 47.0
HDI (2006) Green Arrow Up Darker 0.762 (medium)
Chinese Yuan (¥)
Time Zone
China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Date formats yyyy-mm-dd
or yyyy年 m月d日
(CE; 农历)
Drives on the right, except for Hong Kong & Macau
Internet TLD .cn, .tw, .hk & .mo
Calling code +86, +886, +852 & +853
The Federal Republic of the Chinese Nations


The Federal Republic of the Chinese Nations (中华民族联邦共和国), commonly known as China (中国), is a hypothetical nation imagined to be established on 1 January 2055 under its First Constitution; following the unification of China. It is a Federal Democratic and Constitutional Republic compromising of twenty-three provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities and two special administrative regions (SARs). It is the de jure and de facto sole country representing all China and all Chinese nations (Chinese ethnic groups) within its claimed boundaries.

The country is located in East Asia and has over 5000 years of civilized history. The entire country, apart from its islands, lie on the Eurasia mainland. It has one of the world's oldest civilizations and has the oldest continuous civilization. It also has one of the world's oldest written language systems, as well as extending a historical cultural influence across the whole East Asia. By 2055, China is the world's third largest country by total area and second largest country by population.

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Traditional and simplified Chinese characters for "China". From left to right, the first letter means "central" or "middle" and the second letter means "nation" or "state" or "country" or "kingdom".

English names[]

In Latin, China has been historically referred to as Sinia (hence "Sino-"), Sinae, Cathay or Seres. The first known recorded use of the word "China" dates back to c. 1555. It is derived from Cin, a Persian name for China popularized in Europe by Marco Polo.

Chinese names[]

The official name of China changed with each dynasty. The common names are Zhōngguó (中国) and Zhōngyuán (中原); which means "central nation" or (traditionally) "middle kingdom" and "central plain" respectively.

The name Zhōngguó first appeared in the Classic of History (6th century BC) and was used to refer to the late Zhou Dynasty. Zhōngguó was often used by states who claimed themselves as the sole legitimate successor to all China from the previous Chinese dynasties.

Zhōngguó was first made as the official abbreviation of Republic of China (中华民国 Zhōngguó Mínguó) after the its establishment in 1912. This common and abbreviated name was also picked up officially by People's Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó) since its establishment in 1949; and both entities' successor, the Federal Republic of the Chinese Nations in 2055.

Name of the Federal Republic of the Chinese Nations[]

The official name of Federal Republic of the Chinese Nations (中华民族联邦共和国) can be broken down into three major parts; namely, "the Chinese Nations" (or the Chinese ethnic groups, 中华民族), "Federal" (联邦) and "Republic" (共和国). The name represents a Republic formed from the federation of all China and all Chinese ethnic groups.

China (Zhōngguó 中国) is the republic's official abbreviation and common name; adopted along with its official name, following its establishment in 2055.


Territories of Dynasties in China

Territories of various historical dynasties and states of China

Map showing territories of various historical dynasties and states of China from Zhou Dynasty (1000BC) to prior Federal Republic (before 2055).


Geography and climate[]

NASA satellite image of China Average annual precipitation in various regions of China. Geography of China

Government and Constitution[]

The following are the major ideologies taken from the Constitution of the Federal Republic of the Chinese Nations.

Principles and Establishment of Rights[]

  • Values
    • Democracy, freedom of expression, freedom of religion, unity, mutual respect, uphold of human rights, national strength, economic prosperity, social welfare and environmental protection are all virtues and values built into the constitution of the republic.
    • Theory of Simple and Fair Democratic Elections.

Presidential Cabinet

Cabinet hierarchy


  • The Cabinet (总统内阁/中央行政院) is headed by the President and is the sole national authority responsible for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy. Presidential assent is required to pass bills approved by the Legislative Senate.
  • The President and the Vice President are elected by nationwide popular vote of a simple majority (over 50%) and have a term of 5 years. (Presidential term renewable once)
  • The President, aided by the Vice President, is in charge of all Cabinet members (ministers of all national ministries). The Cabinet members are nominated by the President and approved by the Legislative Senate.

Legislative senate hierarchy

Legislative Senate hierarchy


  • Senators are elected by popular vote of a simple majority (over 50%) from their respective provincial level divisions. Senators serve a term of 5 years (renewable indefinitely).
  • The Chancellor of Legislative Senate (参议长) is elected from amongst the incumbent senators by the senate. The Chancellor presides over the senate and only votes to break ties.
  • All bills, major budgets (over ¥1 billion), major military operations, reformations, amendments and impeachments are voted by the senate. (Voting requirements vary, see the Constitution)

Judiciary Hierarchy

Judiciary hierarchy


  • The Supreme Judicial Court (最高司法院) is the judiciary branch of the government and is headed by 7 Supreme Judges (最高大法官).
  • One Supreme Judge is nominated by the President and approved by the Legislative Senate every year. Supreme Judges serve a term of 7 years (renewable indefinitely). Thus, each of the 7 Supreme Judges start their terms a consecutive year after one another; hence, allowing a possible yearly change in one-seventh of the leadership of the judiciary branch.
  • The most senior of the Supreme Judges presides over the Supreme Judicial Court, but does not out rank the other 6 in terms of judicial power.
  • The 7 Supreme Judges are aided with numerous High Judges (司法法官) in the Supreme Judicial Court, along with 5 federal bodies to exercise their monitoring rights and duties.
    • Special Monitoring Committee
    • Special Investigation Committee
    • All provincial level Federal Courts
    • Election Committee
    • Public Servant Examination Board

Administrative divisions[]

China provincial level administrative divisions

Provincial level administrative divisions of China

Provincial level administrative division

List of provincial level administrative divisions of China

On a provincial level, China is officially divided into 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 special administrative regions (SARs).


1. Heilongjiang 黑龙江
2. Jilin 吉林
3. Liaoning 辽宁
4. Qinghai 青海
5. Gansu 甘肃
6. Shaanxi 陕西
7. Shanxi 山西
8. Hebei 河北
9. Sichuan 四川
10. Hubei 湖北
11. Henan 河南
12. Shandong 山东
13. Anhui 安徽
14. Jiangsu 江苏
15. Yunnan 云南
16. Guizhou 贵州
17. Hunan 湖南
18. Jiangxi 江西
19. Zhejiang 浙江
20. Hainan 海南
21. Guangdong 广东
22. Fujian 福建
23. Taiwan 台湾

 Autonomous Regions

1. Xinjiang Uyghur 新疆维吾尔
2. Inner Mongolia 内蒙古
3. Tibet 西藏
4. Ningxia Hui 宁夏回族
5. Guangxi Zhuang 广西壮族


1. Beijing 北京
2. Tianjin 天津
3. Shanghai 上海
4. Chongqing 重庆

 Special Administrative Regions (SARs)

1. Hong Kong 香港
2. Macau 澳门



There are three major political camps in China, namely the Pan Red, Pan White and Pan Blue coalitions of political parties. These three camps have nation wide influence.

Other minor political camps also exist, this include the Pan Green, Purple, Orange, Yellow and Independent coalitions. Each political camp is usually compromised of several political parties.




Science and technology[]



Public Health[]



See Also[]

Further Reading[]