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Suomen tasavalta
Official Languages Finnish
Other Languages Swedish, German, Curonian
Biggest city
Government Republic
President Tarja Halonen
Prime Minister Matti Vanhanen
Area 224 133 km²
Population ~47 928 000
Independence December 6th, 1917
Currency Ugrian mark

The Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta) is a country in eastern Europe, bounded by the Baltic Sea to the west, the Gulf of Finland to the southwest and the Gulf of Bothnia to the northwest. Finland has land frontiers with West Lapland, East Lapland, Republic of White Sea and Karelia, all of which are also part of Ugrian Union.



Finland is mostly flat. It's coordinates are 20-24 degrees north and 23-31 degrees east.

The climate is considerably wet subtropical. Rains come mostly in summer.

  • Helsinki, 20°N 24°E, January +19°C, July +24°C, rainfall 903 mm/year
  • Kuopio, 21°N 27°E, January +16°C, July +25°C, rainfall 798 mm/year
  • Oulu, 23°N 28°E, January +17°C, July +23°C, rainfall 583 mm/year
  • Kuusamo, 22°N 30°E, January +16°C, July +24°C, rainfall 1039 mm/year


The base of Finnish agriculture consists of wheat, except for Sudobothnia, for which it is rice.

Other products include:

  • Sugar from canes (Eastern Sudobothnia)
  • Tea (Eastern Sudobothnia)
  • Cotton (Inner Finland, Satakunta)
  • Citrus fruits (whole Finland)
  • Bananas (whole Finland, minimally)
  • Coffee (Savonia, Cymenia, Eastern Sudobothnia, minimally)


Finland produces:

  • 1% of worlds phosphates
  • 0.7% of worlds oil

See also: Energy production in Finland


As of 2005, Finland has a population of approximately 47,928,000.

Languages (immigrant languages in italic)

  • Finnish: 88.07%
  • Swedish: 2.14%
  • Curonian: 1.63%
  • German: 1.53%
  • Danish: 1.01%
  • Russian: 0.88%
  • French: 0.86%
  • Estonian: 0.70%
  • Ramoan: 0.69%
  • English: 0.62%
  • other: 1.87%


See lists of railways, highways and airports in Finland.

Also: postal codes of Finland


Finland has a semi-presidential system with Parliamentarism. The parliament of Finland is called Eduskunta and it has 350 members. Presidential elections are every 6 years, parliament and municipal councils are elected every 4 years.

The parliament is the highest legislative body in Finland. Finland as a state of the Ugrian Union exercises full rights to internal affairs, except those related to interstate commerce, money unit and free mobility of people inside the union.

Municipal councils are the legislative bodies on municipal level. The size of such councils are regulated by law to be the cube root of the municipal population.

Finnish parliamentary election, 2007 Finnish municipal election, 2008


  • Beinia (Päijänteen lääni)
  • Birkania (Pirkanmaan lääni)
  • Cajania (Kainuun lääni)
  • Cymenia (Kymen lääni)
  • Eastern Savonia (Itä-Savon lääni)
  • Finland Proper (Varsinais-Suomen lääni)
  • Nylandia (Uudenmaan lääni)
  • Oulu (Oulun lääni)
  • Saimaa (Saimaan lääni)
  • Satakunta (Satakunnan lääni)
  • Tavastia (Hämeen lääni)
  • Vaasa (Vaasan lääni)
  • Western Savonia (Länsi-Savon lääni)