Prime Minister of Commonwealth of Britain
Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Britannia.png
Hugh Byrne election.jpg
Incumbent
William Fawcett

since 7th May 2012
StyleThe Right Honourable
ResidenceFlag of Britain.png 10 Downing Street
London, Britain
Term lengthFive year term which can be renewed indefinitely.
Inaugural holderSir Robert Walpole
as First Lord of the Treasury and de facto first Prime Minister.
Formation15th April 1945
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister

The prime minister of the Commonwealth of Britain is the elected head of government in Britain. They are the leader of the lower house of Britannia, the House of Commons as well as the executive branch the Cabinet of Ministers. The current prime minister is William Fawcett of the Conservative Party, who was elected in 2012.

Prior to 1919 the office was not established by any official law. The origins of the position can be traced back to parliamentary reform in the 1700's that saw the Lord Protector of Britannia take a more consultative role as gradually more power was handed over to parliament, with the leader of the dominant political coalition or party in parliament often acting as the unofficial head of government in the Lord Protector's steed, although the latter still had the ability to function as an autocrat. The mid-1800's saw the beginnings of a Westminster system of governance under the Lord Protector Arthur Wellesley who saw the role of prime minister become more influential within government as the Lord Protector became an increasingly ceremonial position outside of military affairs. However by 1919 the influence of prime minister had been reduced to the Lord Protector's deputy who served as the de facto autocrat of Britain.

Following the British Revolution the role of Lord Protector carried less power as the prime minister was inaugurated as the official head of government although in practice the Council of State led a collective leadership with the prime minister being regarded as a first amongst equals. Since 1945 the role of prime minister has been firmly established as the pre-eminent figure in British politics, with the head of state the Paramount Leader having an entirely ceremonial role.

Those who hold the office of Prime Minister also hold the positions of First Minister of the Treasury and the Minister for the Civil Service.

History

Duties

Privileges, salary and residence

List of prime ministers

Name Term of Office Political Party Lord Protector
Took Office Left Office
1 Robertwalpole cropped cropped.jpg
Sir Robert Walpole
4 April 1721 11 February 1742 Whig William Crompton.jpg
Thomas Essex, Duke of Essex
Charles FitzRoy.jpg
William Crompton, Duke of Buckingham
2 Spencer Compton 1st Earl of Wilmington cropped.jpg
Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington
11 February 1742 2 July 1743 † Whig Charles FitzRoy.jpg
William Crompton, Duke of Buckingham
3 Henry Pelham.jpg
Henry Pelham
2 July 1743 6 March 1754 † Whig Charles FitzRoy.jpg
William Crompton, Duke of Buckingham
4 Thomas Pelham-Holles.jpg
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle
6 March 1754 16 November 1756 Whig Charles FitzRoy.jpg
William Crompton, Duke of Buckingham
5 William Cavendish.jpg
William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire
16 November 1756 25 June 1757 Whig Charles FitzRoy.jpg<br[[>William Crompton, Duke of Buckingham]]
|Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
6 Thomas Pelham-Holles.jpg
Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle
25 June 1757 26 May 1762 Whig Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
7 John Stuart.jpg
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute
26 May 1762 8 April 1763 Tory Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
9 George Grenville.jpg
George Grenville
16 April 1763 13 July 1765 Whig Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
9 Charles Watson-Wentworth.jpg
Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
13 July 1765 30 July 1766 Whig Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
10 William Pitt.jpg
William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
30 July 1766 14 October 1768 Whig Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
11 Augustus FitzRoy.jpg
Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton
14 October 1768 28 January 1770 Whig Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
12 Frederick North.jpg
Frederick North, Lord North
28 January 1770 22 March 1782 Tory Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
13 Charles Watson-Wentworth.jpg
Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham
27 March 1782 1 July 1782 † Whig Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
14 William Petty.jpg
William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne
4 July 1782 2 April 1783 Whig Morgan Gloucestershire.jpg
Morgan Lancaster, Baron of Lancashire
Edward of York.jpg
Charles FitzRoy, Duke of Northumberland
15 Duke of Portugal .jpg
William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland
2 April 1783 19 December 1783 Whig Edward of York.jpg
Charles FitzRoy, Duke of Northumberland
16 William Pitt the Younger.jpg
William Pitt the Younger
19 December 1783 14 March 1801 Tory Edward of York.jpg
Charles FitzRoy, Duke of Northumberland
17 Henry Addington.jpg
Henry Addington
17 March 1801 10 May 1804 Tory Edward of York.jpg
Charles FitzRoy, Duke of Northumberland
18 William Pitt the Younger.jpg
William Pitt the Younger
10 May 1804 23 January 1806 † Tory Edward of York.jpg
Charles FitzRoy, Duke of Northumberland
19 William Wyndham Grenville.jpg
William Wyndham Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville
11 February 1806 31 March 1807 Whig Edward of York.jpg
Charles FitzRoy, Duke of Northumberland
20 Duke of Portugal .jpg
William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland
31 March 1807 4 October 1809 Tory Edward of York.jpg
Charles FitzRoy, Duke of Northumberland
James Alderidge .jpg
James Alderidge, 3rd Baron Alderidge
21 Spencer Perceval.jpg
Spencer Perceval
4 October 1809 11 May 1812 † Tory James Alderidge .jpg
James Alderidge, 3rd Baron Alderidge
22 Robert Banks Jenkinson.jpg
Robert Banks Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
8 June 1812 9 April 1827 Tory James Alderidge .jpg
James Alderidge, 3rd Baron Alderidge
23 George Canning.jpg
George Canning
10 April 1827 8 August 1827 † Tory James Alderidge .jpg
James Alderidge, 3rd Baron Alderidge
23 Frederick John Robinson.jpg
Frederick John Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich
31 August 1827 16 November 1830 Tory James Alderidge .jpg
James Alderidge, 3rd Baron Alderidge
Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
24 Earl Grey.jpg
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
22 November 1830 9 July 1834 Whig Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
25 William Lamb.jpg
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
16 July 1834 14 November 1834 Whig Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
N/A Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (acting)
14 November 1834 10 December 1834 N/A Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
26 Robert Peel.jpg
Sir Robert Peel
10 December 1834 8 April 1835 Conservative Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
27 William Lamb.jpg
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
18 April 1835 30 August 1841 Whig Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
28 Robert Peel.jpg
Sir Robert Peel
30 August 1841 29 June 1846 Conservative Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
29 John Russell.jpg
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell
30 June 1846 21 February 1852 Whig Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
30 Edward Smith-Stanley.jpg
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
23 February 1852 17 December 1852 Conservative Sir Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.png
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
|George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
31 George Hamilton-Gordon.jpg
George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
19 December 1852 30 January 1855 Peelite George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
32 Henry John Temple.jpg
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
6 February 1855 19 February 1858 Whig George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
33 Edward Smith-Stanley.jpg
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
20 February 1858 11 June 1859 Conservative George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
34 Henry John Temple.jpg
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston
12 June 1859 18 October 1865 † Liberal George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
35 John Russell.jpg
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell
29 October 1865 26 June 1866 Liberal George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
36 Edward Smith-Stanley.jpg
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
28 June 1866 25 February 1868 Conservative George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
37 Benjamin Disraeli.jpg
Benjamin Disraeli
27 February 1868 1 December 1868 Conservative George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
38 William Ewart Gladstone.jpg
William Ewart Gladstone
3 December 1868 17 February 1874 Liberal George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
39 Benjamin Disraeli.jpg
Benjamin Disraeli
20 February 1874 21 April 1880 Conservative George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
40 William Ewart Gladstone.jpg
William Ewart Gladstone
23 April 1880 9 June 1885 Liberal George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
41 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil.jpg
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of St Albans
23 June 1885 28 January 1886 Conservative George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
42 William Ewart Gladstone.jpg
William Ewart Gladstone
1 February 1886 20 July 1886 Liberal George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
43 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil.jpg
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of St Albans
25 July 1886 11 August 1892 Conservative George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
44 William Ewart Gladstone.jpg
William Ewart Gladstone
15 August 1892 2 March 1894 Liberal George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
45 Archibald Primrose.jpg
Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery
5 March 1894 22 June 1895 Liberal George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
46 Robert Gascoyne-Cecil.jpg
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of St Albans
25 June 1895 11 July 1902 Conservative George Villas.png
Victoria Gelding, Duchess of Cambridge
Charles Roberts.jpg
Charles Roberts, Baron of Cheshire
47 Arthur Balfour.jpg
Arthur Balfour
11 July 1902 5 December 1905 Conservative Charles Roberts.jpg
Charles Roberts, Baron of Cheshire
48 Henry Campbell-Bannerman.jpg
Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
5 December 1905 7 April 1908 Liberal Charles Roberts.jpg
Charles Roberts, Baron of Cheshire
48 H. H. Asquith.jpg
H. H. Asquith
7 April 1908 7 December 1916 Liberal Charles Roberts.jpg
Charles Roberts, Baron of Cheshire


Thomas Montague.png
Thomas Montague, Lord Montague of Waterford

49 David Lloyd George.jpg
David Lloyd George
7 December 1916 19 October 1922 Liberal Thomas Montague.png
Thomas Montague, Lord Montague of Waterford
50 Andrew Bonar Law.jpg
Andrew Bonar Law
19 October 1922 21 December 1922 Conservatives Thomas Montague.png
Thomas Montague, Lord Montague of Waterford
Thomas Montague.png
Thomas Montague, Lord Montague of Waterford as Lord Protector

Parliament dissolved (21 December 1922 - 25th March 1930)

51 Thomas Raply.jpg
Leopold Marsden
25 March 1930 8 March 1933 Labour Marsden.jpg
Leopold Marsden
369523.jpg
Archibald Villers, Earl of Hertfordshire
52 Thomas Raply.jpg
Leopold Marsden
8 March 1933 17 July 1935 National Labour1 369523.jpg
Archibald Villers, Earl of Hertfordshire
53 Daniel Glasstenson.jpg
Stanley Baldwin
17 July 1935 21 June 1938 Conservatives1 369523.jpg
Archibald Villers, Earl of Hertfordshire
54 Neville Chamberlain.png
Neville Chamberlain
21 June 1938 10 May 1940 Conservatives1 369523.jpg
Archibald Villers, Earl of Hertfordshire
55 Winston Churchill.jpg
Winston Churchill
10 May 1940 26 July 1945 Conservatives1 369523.jpg
Archibald Villers, Earl of Hertfordshire
56 Clement Atlee.jpg
Clement Atlee
26 July 1945 6 April 1955 Labour 369523.jpg
Archibald Villers, Earl of Hertfordshire


O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor

57 Anthony Eden.jpg
Anthony Eden
6 April 1955 10 January 1957 Conservatives O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
58 Harold Macmillan.jpg
Peter Lennox
10 January 1957 3 July 1964 Conservatives O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
59 Ronald Drewsberry.jpg
Harold Wilson
3 July 1964 27 June 1975 Labour O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
60 Lennox 2.jpg
Peter Lennox
27 June 1975 2 May 1976 Conservatives O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
61 Johnathan Sorenson.jpg
Jonathan Sorenson
2 May 1976 8 August 1979 Conservatives O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
62 Nigel Brockhurst.jpg
Nigel Brockhurst
8 August 1979 13 May 1984 Labour O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
63 Margaret Thatcher.png
Margaret Thatcher
13 May 1984 12 December 1991 Conservatives O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
64 John Major 1996.jpg
Michael Smith
12 December 1991 6 May 1997 Conservatives O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
65 War crimes.jpg
Tony Blair
6 May 1997 24 June 2007 Labour O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
66 GordonBrown1234 cropped.jpg
John Wilbur
24 June 2007 6 May 2011 Labour O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
67 AdamSutler.jpg
Eric Victor
6 May 2011 7 May 2012 Labour O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor
68 Hugh Byrne election.jpg
William Fawcett
7 May 2012 Incumbent Conservatives O-QUEEN-ELIZABETH-BLING-570.jpg
Elizabeth, Lady of Windsor

1: National Government

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