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|Republic of Derhaland|
| Motto: Semita ut Licentia|
(Path to Liberty)
|Anthem: Song of the Light|
|Largest Cities.|| Zazabe (~110,000), Ghasobe (~100,000)|
|Official languages||Derhish, Irish, English|
|Other languages||Cornish, French, Breton, Welsh|
|Ethnic Groups||Derhish 73%, Irish 12%, English 5%, French 3%, Breton 2%, Welsh 2%, Heigardian 2%, Other 1%|
- Prime Minister
| Semi-Presidential Republic|
- Kingdom of Derhaland
- Republic of Derhaland
September 26, 1933
|EU Accession||January 1, 1995|
- 2010 census
- Per capita
| 2008 estimate|
- Per capita
| 2008 estimate|
|HDI (2008)||0.958 (Very high) (13th)|
|Currency|| Derhish Pound (£) (|
|Time Zone||WET (Summer: IST)|
|Drives on the||Left|
The Republic of Derhaland, or more commonly Derhaland, is an island nation in the Northwest Europe, in northern part of the Celtic Sea. Currently, the state formed in 1933 occupies the entire island which was originally part of the United Kingdom. It was established as a Semi-Presidential Republic, contrary to that of its close friend, Ireland. It is directly west of Cornwall and directly south of Ireland, with the Atlantic Ocean to the west and Heigard to the south. Brittany lies to the Southeast and Wales and the St. Georges channel to the northeast.
The country is also a member of the Celtic Nations, and boasts its own language, Derhish, although Irish and English are also widely used. The nation is actually 13 different islands, although the one central one, literally "big island" in Derhish, is largest of the bunch. The Sadaf islands, a small archipelago just to the south of the main archipelago, consists of three islands, the main one earning second place in size in Derhaland.
The current state, known as the Republic of Derhaland, was established shortly after the Republic of Ireland (1922), in 1926, and became a dominion within the empire. A new constitution was ratified in 1951, but Derhaland kept ties with the Commonwealth of Nations until it finally left the organization in 1984, although it maintains good relations with the United Kingdom to the present day.
Ranked as the 58th economic power in the world, as well as being in 13th for highest PPP GDP per capita, and 7th in Nominal per capita. It also ranks 13th once again in Human Development Index with a high .958. Derhaland is also in fifth place for the quality-of-life index. It leads in other indexes as well.
Derhaland was originally one of the poorer countries in Europe, relying on Agriculture in the flattest regions, but only until somewhere around the 1950s, when coal deposits were found in the central mountains and the rise of tourism in the island. These two industries initiated a slow but steady growth in the country's economy, which retains to the present day until coal became less valuable. Protectionism was also decaying and being removed from the economic system. Derhaland became a member of the European Economic Community in 1977. A software industry has begun to grow in the nation to replace the dying coal industry.
The name "Derhaland" is actually indirectly derived for the Derhish name for "land of the crops", probably named after the island's rich soil, like that of Ireland's. Derho is the root of the name for agriculture, crops, and some other farming-related words in the Derhish language. The Romans, after conquering Britannia, tried to capture Derhaland from the Celts by a naval attack on the island from their land in Brittany, but failed. However, they continued to stay at the island's throat until their demise, attempting thrice more. They called the land Derhani, a modification of the Celts' pronunciation of the island. Derhaland, the name of the island in English derived from the Roman's name, which then gives you the island's present name in English.
The nation of Derhaland is actually 13 different islands, divided into two different archipelagos. The archipelago of Derho, consists of 9 islands. One of them, in the center, is extremely large compared to the rest of the archipelago. The archipelago of Sadaf, to the south of the Derho archipelago, consists of 3 islands, with one being larger than the two others. Finally, a lone island sits to the southwest of the Derho archipelago, called West Island. West Island holds the Federal District and the capital of Ghasobe. It is thought all of the islands are were formed by volcanic activity, especially Sadaf and then eroded down somewhat by wind and rain.
There is a mountain range on the central part of the Derho archipelago, known as the Pesipia Mountains, which hold coal reserves enough to last about 80 years at the current rate of consumption (which is reducing). All six rivers on the island originate somewhere from within those mountains, the largest being the Zazabe River, where the city of Zazabe is located. There also is one tall mountain (about 1000 meters tall) on the main island of Sadaf, known as Mount Zhuanesho. One river, the Bhadaria River, runs from the base of it to the south coast of Sadaf.
The remaining area of Derho is about one half fertile grassland good for farming, aside from a slightly drier area east of the Pesipia Mountains. These are known as the Lharne Grasslands, and it is the birthplace of all lowland Derhish culture. Many deciduous forests have also survived lumbering, most notably the Zazabe Forest. In Sadaf, part of the area is forest, but there is also grassland nearly as fertile as the Lharne.
Many maps have been drawn or created showing Derhaland. A famous cartographer named Ghunlu Bhipid created a now famous map in 1793 called Derho-Sadaf Complete, showing physical features (such as rivers and the Pesipia range).
Derhaland's climate is temperate and is greatly influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf Stream to the west of the country. The average annual temperature is 10° Centigrade. In summer, this average temperature increases to 18° Centigrade, and in winter, it decreases to 5° Centigrade, although in the Northwest coast it may be more extreme. The average rainfall varies from 80 cm of rain a year to 300 cm of rain a year. The average wind speed is about 3.5 meters per second and it is either sunshine or mostly sunshine 5% of the year. The most common overcast is cloudy day with stratus clouds. There is usually about 200 days of rain higher than 1 mm, as most days have at least some drizzle near the end of the day.
All these factors put together make a wet, temperate climate excellent for agriculture.
Derhaland has a very rich history. These include Roman invasions, independence from the United Kingdom, and more.
The island of Derhaland was formed in approximately 12,500 BCE, because the polar ice caps were melting and therefore raising sea levels significantly. The island was separated from the Mainland of Europe when a land bridge connecting to present day Cornwall was severed, thus starting the island. Ireland became an island in another 500 years, and Great Britain 6000 years after that. Sadaf was disconnected from Derhaland in 8000 BCE.
It has been recorded that at around 7000 BCE, the first people since the retreat of the ice sheets migrated to Derhaland. It is thought these people came over a stretch of water in between Cornwall and Derhaland. These hunter gatherers ate the various animals and plants on the island after arriving by their boat. No inland settlements were recorded until far after the original settlements, likely due to the fact the inland land was not very fertile and didn't contain very much wood. All these put together made the land very undesirable, until many centuries passed.
In 4000 BCE to 3000 BCE, many people populated the island, and some new species were brought over with them, mostly birds and a few mammals. The forests and grassland developing in the center while the people living in the central mountains developed their own culture.
In 400 BCE, an Irish population from the north settled the northern coast. These people were assimilated into the Derhish people living on the island by 100 BCE, though. The Irish culture remains in the northern part of the country, even though they were largely gone.
In 80 CE, the Romans were invading the island unsuccessfully, attempting a total of four times but repelled every time by the Celtic people living there. Many Romans were slaughtered due to the powerful ships people had on the island, which sunk most of the Romans' ships before they could land. In 390 CE, they invaded Roman-held present day Cornwall and Devon, aiding in driving them out of Great Britain.
After the Germanic tribes migrated to Great Britain, some of the Brythonic tribes departing from Great Britain settled in Derhaland instead of Brittany. This event is the cause of the high Breton population in Derhaland today.
After the Romans vacated Brittannia and eventually Gaul, Derhaland was left a stable kingdom which Breton, Derhish and Irish populations coexisting relatively peacefully. The peoples living in the mountains, who were left without knowledge of the Roman attacks, finally left their confinements and merged into the rest of Derhaland's population, although many people living in the mountains can still be seen with clear differences from the people living in the lowlands.
In about 1000 CE, the kingdom annexed the Kingdom of Sadaf to the south after a brief war. 100 years later, the civilization on present day West Island joined Derhaland. Their beautiful city of Ghasobe was made the capital of the Kingdom almost immediately, and it still is to the present day.
In 1250 CE, Derhaland invaded the West Coast of Great Britain to gain more land for their growing civilization. They held parts of Wales for less than 50 years before being driven back to the islands of Derho and Sadaf by the Bretons who were being pushed out of their native territory.
The Renaissance greatly influenced the Derhish people. Ghasobe, Zazabe and Fehara quickly grew into the beautiful cities they are today, with monuments for the celtic gods and honorable christian people. A famous artist, Annraoi Dhamze, was born in 1539, and painted the Pesipia Journey, a famous painting now in the National Museum of Derhaland of a journey through the Pesipia Mountains, inspired by the beauty of the mountains and the Sliabhen people that live there despite the conditions.
As Derhish culture flourished, so was religion and in 1605 the Church of Derhaland was founded by christians who felt the roman catholic church did not suit them completely. It grew to have about 30% of the population at its peak, but came crashing down to 10% and later 5% after the Penal laws (a law against roman catholics in ireland and derhaland) was repealed.
Derhaland is officially a Semi-Presidential Republic with some modifications. Their are two major offices, the President of Derhaland, currently Seán Gratche, and the Prime Minister of Derhaland, currently Searlas Benf. Both offices hold elections every three years on the last Friday of September. The president appoints the other ministers, who are then approved by Parliament. There are no term limits enforced, however, it is possible there may be some term limits amended to the Constitution in the future.
The Parliament (lower house of the Legislature of Derhaland) consists of 1 parliament member for every 10,000 people in a province (including the Federal District). Their terms last three years. The Senate (upper house of the Legislature of Derhaland) consists of 2 Senators from every Province. These are the Junior Senator and the Senior Senator. Their terms last six years. The Chancellor is a Senator chosen by the other senators democratically to lead and speak for the Senate, and the Chancellor also has some other powers. The Parliamentin is the Parliament member chosen by the other parliament members to lead and speak for the Parliament.
Derhaland's system for making laws is quite simple. An idea is written as a bill, and once it passes through both the Senate and Parliament on one version, is it signed by the Prime Minister and President and then approved by the High Court of Derhaland.
Justice is enforced by the Armed Forces of Derhaland and the Police of Derhaland. If a citizens is caught breaking the law, the police may be called to arrest or ticket that citizen. Vigilantism is officially banned, but Vigilantism is only punishable by a fine. Although Derhaland isn't a police state, CCTV cameras have been installed in banks, hospitals, and federal government offices. Requests may be filed for other places as well.
Most people in Derhaland's political views are either mildly Left Wing or in a Centrist position. Political parties have developed to meet this view. There are three major political parties, the Liberal Party of Derhaland (Center-Left), the Conservative Party of Derhaland (Center-Right), and the Republican Party of Derhaland (Libertarian, Center). The Liberal Party has held the majority of votes and seats in Parliament since the 1989 Election. Other parties include the Green Party of Derhaland (Center-Left, Environmental), the Socialist Party of Derhaland (Left), and the Consumer Party of Derhaland (Right). Some other parties also exist, but have no seats in Parliament.
Derhaland is also very libertarian, and most citizens dismiss more authoritarian views on anything. In addition to this, citizens also support universal healthcare and equal rights for LGBT (and for that matter everyone). Most candidates who do not agree with the basic concepts will not be elected by popular sovereignty, such as if they promote a bill discriminating against LGBT people.
The economy of Derhaland is currently shrinking very slowly due to the global recession. The currency, the Derhish Pound (£), is also gaining ground against the Dollar, while at the same time being phased out by the Euro. The Derhish Pound's current value is 0.76 US Dollars per Derhish Pound.
The main industries of Derhaland include the Agricultural Industry, Mining Industry, Software Industry, Textile Industry, and Tourism. All these put together create a strong economy and a trade surplus for the country. The Software Industry is growing to replace the shrinking Mining Industry due to the loss of demand in coal. Coal is often traded for crude oil with various oil producing states.
Derhaland also is a member of a Free Trade Agreement started in 2004 with the Republic of Ireland and the Republic of Heigard. It is known as the Celtic Free Trade Agreement (named after the common celtic heritage) and it eliminated all tariffs and quotas between the three, and also to protect the environment. This greatly boosted Derhaland's economy due to the inflowing goods.
The 2010 Purchasing Power Parity GDP of Derhaland is $106.2 billion, up from $104.8 billion in 2005. The projected growth of the GDP by 2015 is estimated to be at about $106.9 billion, and it will most likely increase to a greater value if the current economic situation improves.
A census occurs every five years in Derhaland. In the other years, a math formula is used.
As of the 2010 Census, there are 895,278 people living in Derhaland. This make is a rather low number, and the density is not considerably high at 47.533 per square kilometer. This is up from about 893,000 in the 2005 Census. Most of their people are of Irish, English or Derhish ethnicity, and the fertility rate is about 1.92 children per woman, so while the death rate exceeds the birth rate, the immigration rate causes the population to grow at a small pace.
There are three large ethnic groups in Derhaland. The Derhish ethnic group is the majority of the country's population, at about 73% of the total population. On the north coast, many Irish people reside and account for 12% of the country's population. Most of them immigrated in the early 1800s due to the Potato Famine in Ireland, as Derhaland did not experience the same problems as the other Celtic nation. Another 5% of the population is English people, who mainly came from Great Britain after the countries merged to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain, Ireland and Derhaland. Some other celtic peoples and the Heigardian people also account for a relatively large amount of people. The rest are of various ethnicities.
Derhaland's largest cities are Ghasobe, the capital city and Zazabe. Ghasobe has approximately 100,000 people living in its metropolitan area. It is located on the shores of West Island. Zazabe is slightly larger (and denser) and stands at 110,000 people living there. It is near the delta of the Zazabe River and is surrounding by the Zazabe Forest to its west. The largest cities with more than approximately 20,000 population are as follows:
|Zazabe||589 CE||110,000||Dánfenia||Founded by Alestar Gahes|
|Ghasobe||438 CE||100,000||Derhish Federal District||Capital of Derhaland|
The majority of the people living in Derhaland are part of the Roman Catholic Church, at about 70% of the population. The largest runner up is Atheism & Agnosticism, at about 6%. Unstated (4%), Anglicans (3%) and the Church of Derhaland (3%) also make up large minorities. The remaining 14% is various other types of Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, Celtic beliefs and others. The Constitution of Derhaland enforces free religion, effectively making Derhaland a secular nation. Before about 1830, catholics were denied voting rights because Derhaland was part of the United Kingdom.
Derhaland has a relatively unique culture, although many irish and english elements have been mixed in to create the culture of today.
Derhish cuisine is unique and comes mainly from the animals living in Derhaland and the plants living or grown there. Some famous dishes include Derhish potato soup, a rich soup with potatoes, herbs, and pieces of venison. Another is the Sedib, a delicious bread made of 40% Oat flour mixed with 60% Wheat flour and some buttermilk replacing the usual milk. About 15% of Derhaland's land is farms, and 5% of that is for grazing animals.
Derhaland has developed its own unique architecture, although it partially merged with Irish architecture during the years, and with English when it was part of the United Kingdom. Arches are very common in Derhaland, as are domes. These two are also common in Church of Derhaland churches. Many houses in Derhaland include a dome, and most walkways and bridges are in arch style as opposed to a beam. In addition to this, brick is often used and even a few brick domes have been created. This is contrary to the architecture of Ireland, although in the Middle Ages, Derhaland's castles and forts were very similar to eachother.
Music in Derhaland can be said to have originated from other countries, mainly France, Ireland and the United Kingdom, but Derhaland has created its own mixture of these two types and some of its own elements. One great composer has arose from Derhaland, Aimíle Taríbas, who lived in the 20th century and composed 3 symphonies, the Sunlight Symphony (which one part of is now the national anthem), the Symphony of Life and the Symphony of Fire, which all are based on some of her ideas (sunlight for beginning, life for happenings, fire for end). Alternative rock music is also somewhat popular in Derhaland, one of the famous alternative rock band in Derhaland is The Islanders for their album Library of Excellence. Chorus groups, most notably Derhaland Voices, a mixed male and female chorus.
Derhaland is not recognized for its sports, and it has never won a major sports award, but football (European) is very popular in the country. The Derhish football team the Cruisers has a few times qualified for the World Cup, but has never won. The highest place ever won by a Derhish team is eighth place, in the 1986 World Cup. Another popular sport is rugby, where Felic Hamsz, a famous rugby player, once became a legend in the 1980s. Baseball is also popular and overall, sports are a part of life for Derhish citizens.
Although recognizable for its books and other literature, Derhaland is certainly not a center for literature. The national library, Leabharraimme gLeulhad, contains about 50,000 books, 30,000 of which are from Derhaland (the remaining are about Derhaland or Derhish culture and the like, but not published in Derhaland). Especially famous in the 1980s, a famous adults' novel writer Raibearde Dhankep created many books, which are highly valued by the country. In addition to a 20,000 article Wikipedia, many informational texts have also come out of Derhaland. Writing is also a hobby for many Derhish citizens.