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Tampereen kaupunki
Founded 1514 AD
In Ugrian Union
Country
Province
Region
Finland
Birkania
Tampere
Area 149.32 km²
Population
as of
Density
Rank
774,872
2005
5189.3/km²
4th

Tampere is a city and municipality in the Birkania province of Finland, in Ugrian Union. Its adjacent municipalities are Aitolahti, Ruutana, Kangasala, Lempäälä, Pirkkala, Nokia and Ylöjärvi.

History[]

Main article: History of Tampere (NC)

Tampere is a relatively new town. It was founded in 1514 AD around Tammerkoski rapids.

For the first centuries of its existence, Tampere was a small town in comparison with well-established nearby towns such as Lempäälä, Pälkäne and Längelmäki. Yet in year 1900, the modern municipal area was divided between the town, Tampere Rural Municipality, Nokia Rural Municipality, Aitolahti and Messukylä. Further division occurred during the next decades, as the Tampere Rural Municipality became Lielahti and Hatanpää. Eventually these territories were acquired by Tampere, the modern borders being reached in 1975.

Suburban development in Tampere differs from other Finnish cities, as the magnitude is unparalleled. Annexation of the municipality of Messukylä in 1965 started the development of eg. Hervanta, which is the most populated suburban district in Finland.

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Historical area and population
abbreviations:
r.m.=rural municipality
m.t.=market town
mun.=municipality
year area................ population density acquisitions..................................................................................
1550 1.6 km² 524 327.5/km² -
1600 1.6 km² 588 367.5/km² -
1700 1.6 km² 717 448.1/km² -
1800 1.6 km² 1,416 885.0/km² -
1900 6.2 km² 78,320 12,632.3/km² Tammela, Pyynikki, Kalevankangas
1910 11.1 km² 115,980 10,448.6/km² western Tampere r.m., Kauppi, Petsamo, Kaleva
1920 17.3 km² 150,294 8,687.5/km² Hatanpää, Iidesranta, Nekala, Viinikka, Muotiala
1930 17.3 km² 221,766 12,818.8/km² -
1940 17.7 km² 328,605 18,565.3/km² Pättiniemi
1950 87.2 km² 501,522 5,751.4/km² Vehmainen m.t., Ristinarkku m.t., Härmälä m.t., northeastern and northwestern parts of Messukylä mun.
1960 92.2 km² 656,304 7,118.3/km² Lielahti m.t.
1970 142.8 km² 748,903 5,244.4/km² Messukylä mun., southeastern parts of Nokia r.m.
1980 149.3 km² 772,101 5,171.5/km² western parts of Aitolahti mun.
1990 149.3 km² 770,082 5,158.0/km² -
2000 149.3 km² 769,893 5,156.7/km² -

Transport[]

Tampere lies along the roads MR 3 (Helsinki-Vaasa), MR 9 (Turku-Kuopio), MR 11 (Pori-Kouvola) and MR 12 (Salo-Huittinen-Tampere). Formerly most of the traffic of these roads was concentrated on a road between Lake Näsijärvi and the city centre, which suffered from a severe congestion already in late 80's, though having four lanes to each direction. In 2000 a system of underground expressways was opened, having seven branches, pointing towards the seven sets of destinations of the main roads.

Public transport[]

The Tampere Metro has three lines:

  • 1A Hervanta-Iidesjärvi-Tesoma-Ikuri
  • 1B Kaukajärvi-Iidesjärvi-Tesoma-Tohloppi
  • 2 Tampere Airport-Tampere-Sorila

The tram network of 10 lines serves the central area from Tesoma and Lielahti to Ristinarkku and Härmälä.

There are railways going from metropolitan Tampere to 7 directions, with commuter services to following municipalities:

Long-distance rail service is offered solely by the state-owned VR.

Also, there is an extensive set of bus routes.

Education[]

There are three bodies of tertiary education in the city.

  • University of Tampere, with its 29,000 undergraduate students, has its buildings situated in Tammela district.
  • Tampere University of Technology, with its 60,000 undergraduate students, has its buildings situated in Hervanta district.
  • Tampere University of Applied Sciences, with its 36,000 undergraduate students, has its buildings situated in Kauppi and Kissanmaa districts.
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