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Wroclaw Free City
Vrọt-swạp Bạ̌́ch Gêng
Wolne Miasto Wrocław
Wroclaw Town Square
Mayors: Nguyễn Đạc Y and Rafał Dutkiewicz
Administrative Center.
Wroclaw City
City Song. Academic Festival Overture
Recognized Languages Polish, German, Yarphese
Population 1,038,000
Formation: 19 March 2010

Wroclaw Free City (Yarphese Vrọt-swạp Bạ̌́ch Gêng, Polish Wolne Miasto Wrocław) is a former free city administered by the Grand Yarphese Republic. It was under direct control of the Polish government until very recently. Under an agreement with the Yarphese government, day to day control of the city county and the surrounding Wroclaw County, was transferred to the Grand Yarphese Republic. Yarphei currently administers the Free City in two zones, Wroclaw City, and Wroclaw County.

The city is traditionally believed to be named after Wrocisław or Vratislav, often believed to be Duke Vratislaus I of Bohemia. It is also possible that the city was named after the tribal duke of the Silesians or after an early ruler of the city called Vratislav.

History[]

The city of Wrocław originated in Lower Silesia as a Bohemian stronghold at the intersection of two trade routes, the Via Regia and the Amber Road. In the first half of the 13th century Wrocław even became the political centre of the divided Polish kingdom. The city was devastated in 1241 during the Mongol invasion of Europe. The inhabitants burned the city to force the Mongols to a quick withdrawal. Afterwards the town was repopulated by Germans, who became the dominant ethnic group, though the city remained multi-ethnic as an important trading city.

Centennial Hall, Wroclaw

Centennial Hall is an important cultural monument in Wroclaw, celebrating the 100th anniversary of Napoleon's defeat at Leipzig.

During the Napoleonic Wars, Breslau was occupied by an army of the Confederation of the Rhine. Following World War I, Breslau became the capital of the newly created Prussian Province of Lower Silesia in 1919. Antisemitic riots occurred in 1923.

The city became one of the largest support bases of the Nazis. Tens of thousands were imprisoned at concentration camps and forced labour camps. For most of World War II, the fighting did not affect Breslau. In February 1945 the Soviet Red Army approached the city. After a siege of nearly three months, "Fortress Breslau" surrendered on 7 May 1945, just before the end of the war. Along with almost all of Lower Silesia, Breslau nominally became part of Poland under the terms of the Potsdam Conference and renamed Wrocław. Most remaining native German inhabitants fled or were forcibly expelled from Wrocław between 1945 and 1949. Wrocław is now a unique European city of mixed heritage.

In July 1997, the city was heavily affected by a flood of the River Oder, the worst flooding in post-war Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic. Around one third of the city's area stood under water. An earlier equally devastating flood of the river took place in 1903. On 19 March 2010, the Grand Yarphese Republic made a secret deal with the Polish government to take partial control over the city, in order to stimulate the economy and calm tensions with Poland. Subsequently, on 6 September, it was merged with the nearby city of Szczecin into the Odran Union, which was eventually annexed back into Poland on 5 January 2011.

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